Corresponsales extranjeros en África Subsahariana: Un paradigma comunicativo en evolución


  • Paulo Nuno Vicente CIMJ/UNL

Palabras clave:

Foreign correspondent, international news reporting, multidimensional network of correspondences, networked journalism, pro-am, social media.


Una parte importante de nuestro conocimiento cotidiano de África al sur del Sahara proviene de la labor de los periodistas internacionales. A pesar de que estos actores desempeñan un papel fundamental en la comunicación sobre los Otros distantes, frecuentemente criticados por su déficit de representación, el trabajo académico de investigación empírica sobre la labor de los corresponsales extranjeros se ha descuidado considerablemente. Las investigaciones disponibles carecen de un examen sistemático de las realidades sobre el periodismo en África, así como de la evolución del trabajo de los profesionales y los amateurs con el apoyo de los medios digitales en línea. En este artículo se analiza la evolución de las culturas profesionales de los individuos (micro). Al mismo tiempo, inspecciona trayectorias a largo plazo en el periodismo internacional, combinado con la evolución a corto plazo, basado en las transformaciones en la microelectrónica y la digitalización. Se presenta la primera encuesta en línea panafricana con periodistas internacionales, que recoge respuestas de de 124 participantes en 41 países. Estos resultados se complementan con entrevistas semi-estructuradas realizadas a 43 profesionales, con sede en Nairobi, Dakar y Johannesburgo. Los resultados cuestionan la narrativa de la cobertura de eventos internacionales como especie en extinción. En cambio, apuntan una visión matizada hacia continuidades y rupturas localizadas en el medio ambiente mediático post-industrial contemporáneo. El perfil socio demográfico describe una situación bastante precaria en los corresponsales internacionales, en especial en el caso de los profesionales freelance; mientras que el uso de los medios digitales está dando lugar a una confederación en diferentes estratos de corresponsalías diferenciadas.


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Biografía del autor/a

Paulo Nuno Vicente, CIMJ/UNL

Paulo Nuno Vicente is a non-fiction storyteller running away from superficial breaking news-based journalism and pursuing the challenge of multimedia in-depth documentary projects. As a journalist he has reported mainly from the so called «global south»: Guinea-Bissau, Ceuta and Melilla, São Tomé and Príncipe, Lebanon, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Israel and the West Bank, Cape Verd, Chad and Central African Republic, Brazil, Kenya, Senegal and South Africa. In documentary filmmaking he has directed «Building Paradise» (2009), «Imperfect Triangles» (2010), «Kilombos» (2012) and worked as a consultant for «Urok» (2013).


  • 2009-2013: Ph.D Fellowship, UT Austin-Portugal Advanced Program in Digital Media. His research project is dedicated to study the ongoing transformations within international new reporting from Subsharan Africa, with a very strong eye on social media and citizen journalism.
  • 2009: Prize of Journalism and Human Rights, UNESCO, for the radio documentary Chad: in the dead heart of Africa
  • 2009: Prize of Mayor at Agrofilm Festival, Slovakia, for the documentary Building Paradise

As a journalism professor and trainer, he has been involved in the following courses: Contemporary Questions in Journalism (New University of Lisbon, Academic Year 2012/2013, Master in Journalism, Portugal); Multimedia Journalism (New University of Lisbon, Academic Year 2012/2013, Master in Journalism, Portugal); Budget Reporting (Deutsche Welle Akademie, October-November 2012, Mozambique); Multimedia Journalism (New University of Lisbon, Academic Year 2011/2012, Portugal); Introduction to Multimedia Journalism (Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, 2012, Portugal); Radio Journalism (Deutsche Welle Akademie, September 2010, Guinea-Bissau).

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Cómo citar

Vicente, P. N. (2013). Corresponsales extranjeros en África Subsahariana: Un paradigma comunicativo en evolución. index.Comunicación, 3(2), 13–35. Recuperado a partir de